••

BIOLOGICAL BULLETIN

OF THE

fiDarine biological laboratory

WOODS HOLE, MASS.

EMtorial Staff

E. G. CONKLIN Princeton University.

GEORGE T. MOORE The Missouri Botanic Garden.

T. H. MORGAN Columbia University.

W. M. WHEELER Harvard University.

E. B. WILSON Columbia University.

JE&itor

FRANK R. LTLLIE The University of Chicago.

VOLUME XLIX.

WOODS HOLE. MASS. JULY TO DECEMBER, 1925

LANCASTER PRESS, INC. LANCASTER, PA.

Contents of Volume XLIX

No. i. JULY, 1925.

Twenty -seventh Annual Report of the Marine Biological

Laboratory I

SNYDER, CHARLES D. Egg-Volume and Fertilization Mem- brane 54

PEARCY, J. FRANK, AND KOPPANYI, T. The Effects of Dis- location of the Eye upon the Orientation and Equilibrium of the Goldfish (Carassius auratus] 61

No. 2. AUGUST, 1925.

ANDREWS, JUSTIN M. Morphology and Mitosis in Tricho- monas termopsidis, an Intestinal Flagellate of the Termite, Termopsis 69

NELSON, THURLOW C. Recent Contributions to the Knowledge

of the Crystalline Style of Lamellibranchs 86

LILLIE, RALPH S., AND CATTELL, WARE. The Conditions of Activation of Unfertilized Starfish Eggs by the Electric Current 100

NEWMAN, H. H. An Experimental Analysis of Asymmetry

in the Starfish, Patiria miniata 1 1 1

No. 3. SEPTEMBER, 1925. WHEELER, WILLIAM MORTON. The Finding of the Queen of

the Army Ant, Eciton hamatum Fabricius 139

WHEELER, WILLIAM MORTON. A New Guest-Ant and Other

New Formicidx from. Barro Colorado Island, Panama. . 150

WILDER, H. H. Palm and Sole Studies 182

KATER, J. McA. Morphology and Life History of Poly-

tomella citri sp. nov 213

No. 4. OCTOBER, 1925. KEPNER, WM. A., AND PICKENS, A. L. Trichodina steinii

(C. and L.) from Planaria polychora (0. Schm.} 237

in

IV CONTENTS OF VOLUME XLIX.

HEILBRUNN, L. V. Studies in Artificial Parthenogenesis, V.. 241 KOEHRING, VERA. The Spermatheca of Eurycea bislineata . . 250 BREITENBECHER, J. K. The Inheritance of a Macula Muta- tion Concerned with Elytral Spotting and Latent Traits in

the Male of Bruchus 265

TORREY, HARRY BEAL, AND HORNING, BENJAMIN. The Effect of Thyroid Feeding on the Moulting Process and

Feather Structure of the Domestic Fowl 275

» HYMAN, L. H. On the Action of Certain Substances on

Oxygen Consumption 288

No. 5. NOVEMBER, 1925.

HOLMES, FRANCIS O. The Relation of Herpetomonas elmas-

siani (Migone) to its Plant and Insect Hosts 323

» ROGERS, CHARLES G., AND COLE, KENNETH S. Heat Pro- duction by the Eggs ofArbacia punctulata during Fertiliza- tion and Early Cleavage 338

McEwEN, ROBERT S. Concerning the Relative Phototropism

of Vestigial and Wild Type Drosophila 354

TORREY, HARRY BEAL, AND HORNING, BENJAMIN. Thyroid Feeding and Secondary Sex Characters in Rhode Island Red Chicks 365

TURNER, C. L. Studies on the Secondary Sexual Characters of Crayfishes, IV. Males with Two Sets of Super- numerary Male Characters 375

TURNER, C. L. Studies on the Secondary Sexual Characters

of Crayfishes, V. Males with Female Characters 379

FINK, DAVID E. Physiological Studies on Hibernation in

the Potato Beetle, Leptinotarsa decemlineata Say 381

No. 6. DECEMBER, 1925.

BOSCHMA, H. On the Feeding Reactions and Digestion in the Coral Polyp Astrangia danas, with Notes on its Sym- biosis with Zooxanthellae 407

» CLARE, M. R. A Study of Oxygen Metabolism in Drosophila

melanogaster 440

» HEILBRUNN, L. V. The Action of Ether on Protoplasm. . . . 461

Vol. XLIX July, 1925 No. i

BIOLOGICAL BULLETIN

THE MARINE BIOLOGICAL LABORATORY.

TWENTY-SEVENTH REPORT, FOR THE YEAR 1924, THIRTY- SEVENTH YEAR.

I. TRUSTEES AND EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE (AS OF AUGUST 12, 1924) i

LIBRARY COMMITTEE 3

II. ACT OF INCORPORATION 3

III. BY-LAWS OF THE CORPORATION 4

IV. REPORT OF THE TREASURER 5

V. REPORT OF THE ASSISTANT LIBRARIAN 13

VI. REPORT OF THE DIRECTOR 20

Statement 20

Addenda:

1. The Staff. 1924 26

2. Investigators and Students, 1924 29

3. Tabular View of Attendance 37

4. Subscribing and Cooperating Institutions, 1924 38

5. Evening Lectures, 1924 39

6. Members of the Corporation 40

I. TRUSTEES

(AS OF AUGUST 12, 1924).

EX OFFICIO

FRANK R. LILLIE, Director, The University of Chicago. OILMAN A. DREW, Assistant Director, Marine Biological Laboratory. LAWRASON RIGGS, JR., Treasurer, 25 Broad Street, New York City. GARY N. CALKINS, Clerk of the Corporation, and Secretary of the Board of Trustees, Columbia University.

EMERITUS

CORNELIA M. CLAPP, Mount Holyoke College. ,

TO SERVE UNTIL 1928

»

H. H. DONALDSON, Wistar Institute of Anatomy and Biology. W. E. CARREY, Tulane University.

i l

MARINE BIOLOGICAL LABORATORY.

CASWELL GRAVE, Washington University.

M. J. GREENMAN, Wistar Institute of Anatomy and Biology.

R. A. HARPER, Columbia University.

A. P. MATHEWS, The University of Cincinnati.

G. H. PARKER, Harvard University.

C. R. STOCKARD, Cornell University Medical College.

TO SERVE UNTIL

H. C. BUMPUS, Brown University.

W. C. CURTIS, University of Missouri.

GEORGE T. MOORE, Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis.

W. J. V. OSTERHOUT, Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research.

J. R. SCHRAMM, Cornell University.

WILLIAM M. WHEELER, Bussey Institution, Harvard University.

LORANDE L. WOODRUFF, Yale University.

TO SERVE UNTIL IQ26

E. G. CONKLIN, Princeton University. OTTO C. GLASER, Amherst College. Ross G. HARRISON, Yale University.

H. S. JENNINGS, Johns Hopkins University.

F. P. KNOWLTON, Syracuse University. M. M. METCALF, Oberlin, Ohio. WILLIAM PATTEN, Dartmouth College. W. B. SCOTT, Princeton University.

TO SERVE UNTIL 1 925

C. R. CRANE, New York City, President of the Corporation.

I. F. LEWIS, University of Virginia.

R. S. LILLIE, The University of Chicago.

E. P. LYON, University of Minnesota.

C. E. McCLUNG, University of Pennsylvania. T. H. MORGAN, Columbia University.

D. H. TENNENT, Bryn Mawr College.

E. B. WILSON, Columbia University.

EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE OF THE BOARD OF TRUSTEES.

FRANK R. LILLIE, Ex. off. Chairman. GILMAN A. DREW, Ex. off. IVEY F. LEWIS, to serve until 1927. E. G. CONKLIN, to serve until 1926. W. E. CARREY, to serve until 1925.

ACT OF INCORPORATION.

THE LIBRARY COMMITTEE.

C. E. McCLUNG, Chairman, University of Pennsylvania. M. M. METCALF, National Research Council. J. R. SCHRAMM, Cornell University. E. E. JUST, Howard University. R. A. BUDINGTON, Oberlin College.

II. ACT OF INCORPORATION.

No. 3170

COMMONWEALTH OF MASSACHUSETTS.

Be It Known, That whereas Alpheus Hyatt, William Sanford Stevens, William T. Sedgwick, Edward G. Gardiner, Susan Minns, Charles Sedgwick Minot, Samuel Wells, William G. Farlow, Anna D. Phillips and B. H. Van Vleck have associated themselves with the intention of forming a Corporation under the name of the Marine Biological Laboratory, for the purpose of establishing and maintain- ing a laboratory or station for scientific study and investigation, and a school for instruction in biology and natural history, and have complied with the provisions of the statutes of this Commonwealth in such case made and provided, as appears from the certificate of the President, Treasurer, and Trustees of said Corporation, duly approved by the Commissioner of Corporations, and recorded in this office;

Now, therefore, I, HENRY B. PIERCE, Secretary of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, do hereby certify that said A. Hyatt, W. S. Stevens, W. T. Sedgwick, E. G. Gardiner, S. Minns, C. S. Minot, S. Wells, W. G. Farlow, A. D. Phillips, and B. H. Van Vleck, their associates and successors, are legally organized and established as, and are hereby made, an existing Corporation, under the name of the MARINE BIOLOGICAL LABORATORY, with the powers, rights, and privi- leges, and subject to the limitations, duties, and restrictions, which by law appertain thereto.

Witness my official signature hereunto subscribed, and the seal of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts hereunto affixed, this twentieth day of March, in the year of our Lord One Thousand, Eight Hundred and Eighty-Eight.

[SEAL] HENRY B. PIERCE,

Secretary of the Commonwealth.

4 MARINE BIOLOGICAL LABORATORY.

III. BY-LAWS OF THE CORPORATION OF THE MARINE BIOLOGICAL LABORATORY.

I.' The annual meeting of the members shall be held on the second Tuesday in August, at the Laboratory, in Woods Hole, Mass., at 12 o'clock noon, in each year, and at such meeting the members shall choose by ballot a Treasurer and a Clerk, who shall be, ex officio, members of the Board of Trustees, and Trustees as hereinafter pro- vided. At the annual meeting to be held in 1897, not more than twenty-four Trustees shall be chosen, who shall be divided into four classes, to serve one, two, three, and four years, respectively, and thereafter not more than eight Trustees shall be chosen annually for the term of four years. These officers shall hold their respective offices until others are chosen and qualified in their stead. The Direc- tor and Assistant Director, who shall be chosen by the Trustees, shall also be Trustees, ex officio.

II. Special meetings of the members may be called by the Trustees to be held in Boston or in Woods Hole at such time and place as may be designated.

III. The Clerk shall give notice of meetings of the members by publication in some daily newspaper published in Boston at least fifteen days before such meeting, and in case of a special meeting the notice shall state the purpose for which it is called.

IV. Twenty-five members shall constitute a quorum at any meeting-

V. The Trustees shall have the control and management of the affairs of the Corporation; they shall present a report of its condition at every annual meeting; they shall elect one of their number Presi- dent and may choose such other officers and agents as they may think best; they may fix the compensation and define the duties of all the officers and agents; and may remove them, or any of them, except those chosen by the members, at any time; they may fill vacancies occurring in any manner in their own number or in any of the offices. They shall from time to time elect members to the Corporation upon such terms and conditions as they may think best.

VI. Meetings of the Trustees shall be called by the President, or by any two Trustees, and the Secretary shall give notice thereof by written or printed notice sent to each Trustee by mail, postpaid. Seven Trustees shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of business. The Board of Trustees shall have power to choose an Executive Com- mittee from their own number, and to delegate to such Committee such of their own powers as they may deem expedient.

THE REPORT OF THE TREASURER. 5

VII. The President shall annually appoint two Trustees, who shall constitute a committee of finance, to examine from time to time the books and accounts of the Treasurer, and to audit his accounts at the close of the year. No investments of the funds of the Corpora- tion shall be made by the Treasurer except approved by the finance committee in writing.

VIII. The consent of every Trustee shall be necessary to dissolu- tion of the Marine Biological Laboratory. In case of dissolution, the property shall be given to the Boston Society of Natural History, or some similar public institution, on such terms as may then be agreed upon.

IX. These By-laws may be altered at any meeting of the Trustees, provided that the notice of such meeting shall state that an alteration of the By-laws will be acted upon.

X. Any member in good standing may vote at any meeting, either in person or by proxy duly executed.

IV. THE REPORT OF THE TREASURER.1

HARVEY S. CHASE & COMPANY

Certified Public Accountants 84 State Street, Boston.

February 9, 1925. MR. LAWRASON RIGGS, JR.,

25 Broad Street, New York.

Dear Sir: We have audited the accounts of the Marine Bio- logical Laboratory for the year ended December 31, 1924 and report thereon in the following exhibits and schedules, together with our comments, viz:

Exhibit A Balance-Sheet, December 31, 1924.

Exhibit B Income-and-Expense, Year ended December 31,

1924.

Schedule I Securities held by Central Union Trust Company of New York as Trustees under Agreement dated January 22, 1924. Schedule II Lucretia Crocker Fund, December 31, 1924.

1 Schedules IV and V are not included in this report. The complete audit is on file at the Laboratory, and may be examined by any member.

6 MARINE BIOLOGICAL LABORATORY.

Schedule III Cash Receipts and Payments, Reserve and Library Funds, January 8, 1924 to De- cember 31, 1924.

Schedule IV Land, Buildings, and Equipment, December 31, 1924-

Schedule V Supply Department Income-and-Expense Ac- count, Year ended December 31, 1924.

During the year 1924 the Laboratory received endowment fund gifts amounting to $905,000.00 and a building fund gift of $500,000.00.

The receipt of these large gifts made it advisable to change the arrangement of the balance-sheet and we have, therefore, set it up in the form that has been generally adopted by larger endowed institutions. We have also regrouped the items in the income- and-expense statement Exhibit B.

We certify that the balance-sheet and income-and-expense statement shown in Exhibits A and B in our opinion set forth correctly the financial condition of the Marine Biological Labora- tory at December 31, 1924, and the results of its operations for the year ended on that date.

Very respectfully,

HARVEY S. CHASE & COMPANY,

Certified Public Accountants.

EXHIBIT A

MARINE BIOLOGICAL LABORATORY BALANCE-SHEET, DECEMBER 31, 1924.

Assets. Endowment Fund Assets:

Securities in Hands of Trustee Schedule I $905,097.50

Cash in Hands of Trustee 12.00

$905,109.50 Lucretia Crocker Fund Assets,

Securities Schedule II $ 4,005.17

Cash Schedule II 427.19 4.432-36 $ 909,541.86

Plant Assets:

New Laboratory Building,

Expenditures to December 31, 1924 $452,106.14

Cash in Building Fund 56,615.53

Total (See Contra) $508.721.67

THE REPORT OF THE TREASURER.

Other Plant Assets— Schedule IV,

Land $102,094.89

Buildings 236,126.82

Equipment 108,837.49

$447,059.20 Less Reserve for Depreciation .. 69,768.47 377,290.73 886,012.40

Current Assets: Cash.

In New York Bank $ 13,821.67

In Hands of Trustee 2,200.00

In Falmouth Bank 4,228.95

Petty Cash 500.00 $ 20,750.62

Accounts Receivable 19,586.38

Inventories,

Supply Department $ 24,558.41

Biological Bulletin 3,483.21 28,041.62

Investments,

Gansett Property Account $ 7,993.23

Stock in General Biological Sup- ply House, Inc 12,700.00 20,693.23

Prepaid Insurance 1,834.71

Items in Suspense 1,313.32 92,219.88

$1,887,774.14

Liabilities. Endowment Funds:

Friendship Fund, Inc $405,000.00

John D. Rockefeller, Jr 400,000.00

Carnegie Corporation 100,000.00

Gain on Sale of Securities during Year 109.50

$905,109.50 Lucretia Crocker Fund 4,432.36 $ 909,541.86

Plant Funds:

Rockefeller Foundation Contribution for New

Laboratory Building $500,000.00

Interest Received on same during Year 8,721.67

$508,721.67 Other Investment in Plant from Gifts and from

Current Funds 377.290.73

886,012.40 Current Liabilities and Surplus:

Mortgage on Gansett Property $ 8,182.01

Accounts-Payable 398.85

Surplus,

8 MARINE BIOLOGICAL LABORATORY.

Balance, January i, 1924 $427,309.99

Add,

Proceeds of Library and Re- serve Fund Securities. . . . 9,715.24 Balance of Income for Year

Exhibit B 23,904.52

$460,929.75 Deduct,

Book Value of Plant Assets transferred to "Plant Funds" above 377.290.73 83,639.02

92,219.88 $1,887,774.14

EXHIBIT B

MARINE BIOLOGICAL LABORATORY, INCOME AND EXPENSE, FOR YEAR ENDED DECEMBER 31, 1924.

Total Net

Expense Income Expense Income

Income, Endowment Fund $ 33.656.58 $33.656.58

Donation for Expenses:

Friendship Fund, Inc 4,880.00 4,880.00

Others 25.00 25.00

Instruction $ 7.516.39 10,095.00 2,578.61

Research 3.125.90 6,875.00 3,749.10

Biological Bulletin and Mem- bership Dues 5,127.14 4.943-79 $ I83-35

Supply Department, Schedule V 48,379.66 56.645.08 8,265.42

Mess Department 24,948.95 26,776.71 1,827.76

Dormitories Department 3,282.85 3,492.25 209.40

Interest and Depreciation charged to above Three

Depts 10,221.99 10,221.99

Dividends on Stock in General

Biological Supply House, Inc. 976.00 976.00

Rent of Microscopes 3*9-50 3I9-5Q

Interest on Bank Deposits 103.54 103.54

Newman Cottage 122.85 150.00 27.15

Sundry Income 84.98 84.98

Maintenance of Plant:

Maintenance of Buildings

and Grounds $ 6,121.19

New Laboratory Expense.. 4,567.66

Chemical Department .... 2,776.50

Library Expenses 2,563.56

Sundry Expenses 1,322.32

THE REPORT OF THE TREASURER.

Carpenter Department. . . . 1,080.28

Dexter House, Special .... 971-35

Truck Expenses 567.06

Bar Neck Property 375-QO

Pumping Station 258.95

Evening Lectures 111.41

Janitor's House n-77 20,727.05

General Expenses:

Administrative Expense. . .$ 10,981.15

Endowment Fund, Trustee 787.50

Interest on Loans 386.84

•Bad Debts 346.51 12,502.00

Reserve for Depreciation $ 9,608.11 9,608.11

$149,023.43 $66,925.03

$125,118.91 125,118.91 $43,020.51 43,020.51

Balance of Income carried to Current Surplus Exhibit A $23,904.52 $23,904.52

SCHEDULE I

MARINE BIOLOGICAL LABORATORY SCHEDULE OF SECURITIES

HELD BY CENTRAL UNION TRUST COMPANY OF NEW YORK

AS TRUSTEE UNDER AGREEMENT DATED JANUARY 22, 1924.

DECEMBER 31, 1924.

Bonds. Par Value Cost

$ 25,000. Chesapeake & Potomac Telephone Company of Virginia, ist 30 Year S/F "A" 53, due May i, 1943; interest May and November I $ 23,812.50

*25,ooo. Great Western Power Company, ist Mortgage S/F 40 Year

5s, due July i, 1946; interest January and July i 25,000.00

*50,ooo. Government of the Dominion of Canada, 30 Year 53 due

May i, 1952, interest May and November 1 50,000.00

25,000. Home Long Distance Telephone Company, ist S/F 20 Year

5s, due January 2, 1932; interest January and July 2.. . 24,031.25

*25,ooo. Joint Stock Farm Loan Bonds, The Lincoln Joint Stock Land Bank of Lincoln, Nebraska, 53 due November i, 1938; interest May and November 1 25,000.00

*50,ooo. Illinois Bell Telephone Company, ist and Refunding Mortgage "A" 53 due June i, 1956; interest June and December i 50,000.00

*io,ooo. Indiana Steel Company, ist Mortgage 53 due May i, 1952,

interest May and November 1 10,000.00

*25,ooo. Indianapolis Gas Company of Indianapolis, Indiana, ist Consolidated Mortgage, 53 due April i, 1952; interest April and October i 25,000.00

10 MARINE BIOLOGICAL LABORATORY.

25,000. Lehigh Valley Harbor Terminal Railway Company, 1st 53

due February i, 1954; interest February and August i. 24,187.50 50,000. Mortgage Bond Company of New York, Series No. 4, 63

due November i, 1933; interest May and November i.. 49,500.00

*i 0,000. Nashville Florence & Sheffield Railway Company, 1st Mortgage 53 due August i, 1937; interest February and

August i 10,000.00

*8,ooo. New Castle Company, Delaware Highway Improvement

458 due January i, 1932; interest January and July i.. 8,000.00

*5o,ooo. National Tube Company, ist Mortgage 53 due May i,

1952; interest May and November i 50,000.00

*io,ooo. New Castle Company, Delaware Highway Improvement 5th Series 458 due January i, 1931 ; interest January and July i 10,000.00

*io,ooo. New Castle Company, Delaware Highway Improvement 5th Series 458 due January i, 1930; interest January and

July i 10,000.00

10,000. Philadelphia, Baltimore and Washington Railroad Com- pany, General "B" 53 due February i, 1974; interest

February and August i 9,875.00

15,000. Reading Company, General and Refunding "A" 453 due

January i, 1997; interest January and July i I3.4O3-75

*io,ooo. Southern Railway Company, ist Consolidated Mortgage 53

due July i, 1994; interest January and July i 10,000.00

*50,ooo. State of Louisiana Port Commission Serial Canal 5s due

July i, 1958; interest January and July i 50,000.00

*io,ooo. Southern Public Utilities Company, ist and ref. mortgage

30 Year 53 due July i, 1943; interest January and July i. 10,000.00

*i2,ooo. U. S. A. 2nd Liberty Loan 4\s due November 15, 1942;

interest May and November 15 12,000.00

*25,ooo. Virginian Railway Company, ist Mortgage, 50 Year "A"

53 due May i, 1962; interest May and November i... . 25,000.00

*25,ooo. Waco, Texas, Sewerage Disposal Plant, 5s due January I,

1948; interest January and July i 25,000.00

25,000. West Shore Railroad Company, Gtd. Registered ist 43 due

January i, 2361; interest January and July i 19.687.50

Real Estate Mortgages

30,000. B/M Alva Realty Company, 1321/7 Amsterdam Avenue, 55 % due February i, 1929, interest February and August ! 30,000.00

30,000. B/M Alva Realty Company, 129 W. 56th Street. 55% due

January 28, 1927; interest January and July 28 30,000.00

50,000. B/M Cordelia Realty Corporation, 47/5 1 E. 52nd Street, 55 % due December 5, 1928; interest June and December ! 50,000.00

50,000. B/M S & L Bldg. Company, N. E. Corner 82nd Street and Broadway, 55% due April 9, 1933; interest June and December i 50,000.00

* Securities received from Friendship Fund, Inc., taken at Par Value. Total, $405,000.00.

THE REPORT OF THE TREASURER. II

50,000. B/M M & H Friedel, 328/38 E. 46th Street, 55% due

January 23, 1929; interest January and July 23 50,000.00

50,000. B/M Canebrake Realty Company, 708-12 Greenwich Street, 55% due December 29, 1928; interest June and December 29 50,000.00

30,000. B/M Spruce & William Street Realty Company, N. E. Corner Spruce and William Streets, 5^ % due December 30, 1928; interest June and December 30 30,000.00

23,000. B/M W. T. Slevin, 47 Murray Street, 5^% due August i,

1926; interest February and August i 23,000.00

22,600. B/M Bertha Kahn, 594/6 Broadway. 5^% due March n,

1929; interest March and September n 22,600.00

$915,600.

Total, December 31, 1924, Exhibit A $905,097.50

SCHEDULE II

MARINE BIOLOGICAL LABORATORY, LUCRETIA CROCKER FUND,

DECEMBER 31, 1924.

Investments 1 8 shares Vermont & Massachusetts Railroad Company $2,416.50

3 shares American Telephone & Telegraph Company 504.04

4 shares Boston Consolidated Gas Company, Preferred 420.58

3 shares General Electric Company 349-55

165 shares General Electric Company Special @ $11.00 181.50

4^ shares General Electric Company Special

(Received as Stock Dividend) i share Boston Elevated Railway Company, Second Preferred 133.00

Total, December 31, 1924 Exhibit A $4,005.17

Cash Transactions for Year

Cash on Hand, January 8, 1924 $ 373.78

Received from Sale of Liberty Loan and American Telephone

& Telegraph Company Bonds:

Cost, as shown in Schedule I of Audit Report for 1923. . . .$494.75 Gain on Sale 4-98 499-73

Received for Interest and Dividends 189.87

Received from Sale of Rights 3.56

$1,066.94

Paid for Securities transferred from Reserve and Library Funds. $564. 75 Paid for 1924 Scholarship 75.00 639.75

Balance on Hand, December 31, 1924 Exhibit A. . . .$ 427.19

12 MARINE BIOLOGICAL LABORATORY.

SCHEDULE III

MARINE BIOLOGICAL LABORATORY CASH RECEIPTS AND PAY- MENTS RESERVE AND LIBRARY FUNDS JANUARY 8, 1924 TO DECEMBER 31, 1924.

Reserve Fund:

Cash on Hand, January 8, 1924 $ 782.93

Received from Sale of Securities,

Cost as shown in Schedule I of Audit Report for 1923 . $5,895.76

Gain on Sale 95I-I5 6,846.91

Received for 1 2 shares General Electric Company, Special,

transferred to Crocker Fund 132.00

Received for Interest and Dividends 226.93

$7.988.77 Transferred to Laboratory General Cash Account $7,988.77

Library Fund :

Cash on Hand, January 8, 1924 $ 20.13

Received from Sale of Securities,

Cost as shown in Schedule I of Audit Report for 1923 . $1,957.81

Gain on Sale 348.01 2,305.82

Received for Securities transferred to Crocker Fund: Cost.$ 362.38

Gain on Transfer.. 70-37 432-75

Received for Interest and Dividends 97-46

Received from Sale of Rights 10.65

$2,866.81 Transferred to Laboratory General Cash Account $2,866.81

The Reserve Fund and the Library Fund were, as shown above, closed out during the year by order of the Executive Committee, the proceeds of the Reserve Fund being used for the acquisition of new property, and the proceeds of the Library Fund being used for the purchase of books.

Respectfully submitted, LAWRASON RIGGS, JR.,

Treasurer.

REPORT OF THE ASSISTANT LIBRARIAN. 13

V. REPORT OF THE ASSISTANT LIBRARIAN DECEMBER 31, 1924.

Along with the start of a new library building made a year ago, there has been a steady effort on the part of the Library Staff to so adapt their activities that, with the least expenditure of money and effort, our acquisitions and our new arrangements should fall into ready adjustment with the new and enlarged quarters. Even before the beginning of the year of 1924, a special sum had, at the request of the Assistant Librarian and of the Library Committee, been granted for the purchase of back sets a sum of $400.00, this entirely outside the appropriation for the years 1923 and 1924. At the same time $350.00 had been granted for the employment of a secretary for at least a part of the year 1924. A start in purchasing back sets of serials was therefore well begun by January I, 1924 and on the first of May the services of a secretary- stenographer were secured. With this kind of help, the Assistant Librarian has felt that work of real value to the Library has gotten under way.

The Assistant Librarian was also authorized to anticipate the use of a sum of $4,000.00 that would be available before the expiration of the year 1924 from the accumulation of the endow- ment fund ; this was used in the purchase of back sets in the early spring that would, a few months later, have been unavailable. These were German sets for sale in this country, not as yet affected by the great jump made in German prices. During the late spring, extensive orders were placed in England with Heffer, and still later information showed France and French sets to be the best sales available. Certain sets of American journals were ordered at this same time, at high prices, but only where sets were out of print and no lessening of price could ever be anticipated. A detailed listing of the sets ordered and come into our actual possession during the year 1924 will follow later with the state- ment of other acquisitions.

On September 20, the Secretary of the Executive Committee handed a statement to the Assistant Librarian authorizing a provisional budget of $6,500.00 for the year 1925 as well as the use of a further sum of something over $2,500.00 for the year

14 MARINE BIOLOGICAL LABORATORY.

1924-25 from the sale of the Library Fund securities. These actually realized $2,866.86. The Assistant Librarian was further assured by this same statement of the Executive Committee that the secretary would be retained and that early in the year 1925 the salary for an assistant would be available, besides a small sum for "man labor," over and above the sums stated on the budget and the $4,000.00 above referred to as a special sum. Along with this definite backing, the Assistant Librarian was also assured that any reasonable distribution for the two years of 1924-25 expenditures could be mapped out that seemed wise. For this reason and because of the practicability of running the two years together the provisional distribution of the total sum for 1924-25 of about $15,000.00 ($1,750.00 having been appropriated for expenditures aside from salaries for 1924) has been made as follows: current subscriptions, $3,000.00; books, $1,300.00; binding $2,000.00; back sets, $8,000.00; express, $200.00; sup- plies, $500.00.

A feature as interesting as that of securing back sets of our current serials, is that of securing new current subscriptions. The sum for this purpose we propose to double in the year 1925 over 1924 which latter was $1,000.00, thus spending $3,000.00 for the two years. A list of those now already undertaken for the years 1924 and 1925 will be given later. The negotiation for new exchanges in current serials is being carried on with success most encouraging for the effort made. The new exchanges that have been secured for the BIOLOGICAL BULLETIN, already begun for the years 1924 and 1925, are also given below.

With the larger funds available in these two years a really generous increase in the amount spent for books seemed right, especially since our attitude of favoring serials over books will for obvious reasons continue. And there are many gaps in our reference books in both systematic and morphological works as well as strictly physico-chemical lines. Important works in each of these lines have been purchased as is seen in the summary. There have been many gifts of books during the year. Very especial appreciation we hope may be conveyed to the authors of books who have remembered the users of the Library ; and to the publishers who have so wisely and generously seen the advantages that the Library offers for the spreading of news as to a good book.

REPORT OF THE ASSISTANT LIBRARIAN. 15

These gifts have all been acknowledged personally and a full list follows at the end of the report.

With the anticipated increase in space and especially the antici- pated assistance to be given by another member of the Library Staff, trained in science and language, a special plea for reprints was sent at the end of December to each member of the following societies: American Physiological Society; American Society of Biological Chemists; American Society of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics; American Society for Experimental Pathology; Ecological Society of America ; Botanical Society of America; American Society of Zoologists; American Society of Anatomists; American Society of Naturalists.

The return postal cards have shown how generous and co- operative the spirit of the scientist is. We feel great encourage- ment in regard to building up complete sets of reprints. We should have asked each author to send a bibliographic list of his reprints which could be filed in with such of his reprints as we have represented. This will have to be undertaken in the future. A count of the reprints acquired by the Library for 1924 will be deferred until the year 1925 and will be incorporated with the report for that year.

It gives me pleasure to express here my appreciation of Miss Deborah Lawrence's assistance in the Library since September 1st as Secretary. She gives every promise of accurate and business-like executive. Miss Frances Childs performed this same duty well during the summer, and would have been con- tinued except that she undertook the summer work solely with the provision that she be released to pursue her studies in business training on September 1st. At this same time it is also a pleasure to announce that Miss Margaret Olmsted, Vassar, '24, with special training in physics and chemistry, as well as in French and German, will begin her duties as assistant in the Library on February 2nd, 1925. At this same time also I would greatly like to express my appreciation for the many suggestions that the Library Committee have given during the year. The sympa- thetic co-operation that each member has shown toward the work in the Library adds the authority as well as the balance of the scientist's point of view.

The Library now contains some 13,000 volumes, about eight-

1 6 MARINE BIOLOGICAL LABORATORY.

ninths of these being serial publications, mostly bound, and the remainder chiefly books. The reprints are about 9,800 with several hundreds besides these in our possession but so far uncatalogued. The number of currently received serials is about 332. Of these 132 are paid subscriptions and 200 are received by exchange for the Biological Bulletin, by gift or by loan. Forty- two subscriptions have been newly placed by purchase for the years 1924-25, and thirty-two newly secured by exchange. These are as follows:

Paid subscriptions : new in 1924: Annales de Vlnstitut Pasteur; Archiv fur experimentelle Pathologic und Pharmacologie; Chemical Reviews; Genetica; Ecology; Journal of the Chemical Society; Journal of Immunology; Journal of Medical Research; Journal of Scientific Instruments; Revue algologique; Revue generate d'histo- logie; Science Abstracts; Zeitschrift fur Zellen- und Gewebelehre (Abteilung B. Zeitschrift fur wissenschaftliche Biologie}; Zeitschrift fur vergleichende Physiologic (Abteilung C. Zeitschrift fur wis- senschaftliche Biologie).

Paid subscriptions: new in 1925: American Journal of Hygiene; Annals of Applied Biology; Annales de parasitologie humaine et compare; Archives de morphologic generate et experimentale; Archives de parasitologie; Brain; British Journal of Experimental Pathology; Centralblatt fur Bakteriologie; Ergebnisse und Fort- schritte der Zoologie; Flora; Allgemeine botanische Zeitschrift; Jahresberichte uber die Fortschritte der Anatomic und Entwicklungs- geschichte; Journal de V anatomic et de la physiologic; Journal de chimie physique; Journal de pharmacie et de chemie; Journal de physic; Journal of Botany; Journal of Experimental Pathology; Journal of Pathology and Bacteriology; Journal of the Washington Academy of Science; Kolloid-Zeitschrift: Beihefte; Quarterly Cumulative Index of Current Medical Literature; Ray Society Publications; Scientia; Tables annuelles de constantes; Virchow's Archiv fur pathologische Anatomic und Physiologic und fur klinische Medecin; Zeitschrift fur Immunitats-Forschung; Zoologischer Bericht.

Exchanges: new in 1924: Acta hori bergiani; Annales scien- tifiques de VUniversite de Jassey; Archives internationales de pharmacodynamie; Archives of internal medicine; Australian journal of experimental biology and medical sciences; Biologisches

REPORT OF THE ASSISTANT LIBRARIAN. 17

Centralblatt; Bulletin d'histologie appliquee a la physiologic, et ct la pathologic, et de technique microsco pique; Bulletin de I' Academic royale de Belgique; Bulletin de la societe beige de biologic; Bulletin de la societe royale des sciences medicates et naturelles de Bruxelles; Bulletin internationale de V Academic des Sciences; Internationale Revue der gesamten Hydrobiologie und Hydrographie; Journal of Metabolic Research; Journal of the Linnean Society: Zoology; Monitor e zoologico italiano; Nyt Magazinfiir Naturwidenskaberne; Osterreichische botanische Zeitschrift; Philippine journal of science; Recueil trauvaux botanique neerlandais; Publications of the Zoo- logical Museum of Russia; Studies from the Plant Physiological Laboratory of Charles University, Prague; Transactions and Reports of the Royal Society of Australia; Transactions of the Connecticut Academy of Arts and Science.

Exchanges: new in 1925: Acta phytochimica; Botanisches Archiv; Dansk Botanisk Tidskrift; Fermentforschung; Japanese Journal of Biochemistry; Medical Science: Abstracts and Reviews; Naturae Novitates; Ofversigt af Finska Vetenskaps-Societates, Forhanlingar, and Commentationes, and Acta; Zeitschrift fur ivissenschaftliche Zoologie.

Besides currently received serials, there are on the shelves, sets, more or less complete, of serials to the number of about two hundred and fifty-three that have now ceased publication.

The following serials have been completed as sets by purchase as indicated, the expenditure for these having been about $4,251.80: Acta horti Bergiani, volumes 1-6, 1891-1919; Annales de Vlnstitut Pasteur, volumes 15-17; 24-38; Annales des sciences naturelles: Zoologie, series 4 to 9 filled in; (a few early volumes still missing) ; Annals of Applied Biology, volumes i-io, 1914-24; Annals of Botany, 3-21 ; I'Annee biologique, 1-21 ; Annual Report of the Progress of Chemistry, by volume 8; Archives d 'anatomic microscopique, 1-16; Archives de zoologie experimentel et generale, 32 scattered volumes; Archives inter nationales de physiologic, i- 14; Archivio di farmacologia sperimentale et scienze affini, 1-26; Bibliographia Zoologica, by volumes 30, 31, 32, and 34; (2 volumes still lacking) ; Biochemische Zeitschrift, 1-55, 1906-1913; 72-100, 1916-1919; British Journal of Experimental Pathology, 1-5, 1920-24; Bulletin de VInstitut Pasteur, 1-17, 1903-1909; Ecology, 1-4, 1920-23; Fauna und Flora des Golfes von Neapel,

1 8 MARINE BIOLOGICAL LABORATORY.

monographs 26~35a, 1901-1923; Folia Neurobiologica, 2 and 3- 12, 1909-17 (volume I, 1908, still lacking); Harvey Lectures, 1-16, 1905-1922; Journal de physiologie et de pathologic generale, 1-15; 17 (volumes 16 and 18 still lacking); Journal of immunology, volumes 1-8; Journal of Physical Chemistry, volumes 1-24; Journal of the American Chemical Society, 32-42, 1910-1920; Journal of the Chemical Society (London), volumes 45-124, 1884- 1923; Nuova Notarisia, volumes 1-28, 1890-1918; Physical Review, I series 2, 16, 1893-1920; Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, 41 volumes scattered thoughout the set; Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, 45-75, 1890- 1905; Psychobiology, 1-2; Quarterly Cumulative Index of Current Medical Literature, I and 5-9 (2-4 still lacking) ; Quarterly Journal of Microscopical Science, volumes 18 and 19; Revue generale d'histologie, 1-3, 1904-1911; Science Abstracts, 1-26, 1898-1923; Zeitschrift fur physikalische Chemie, 1-104, 1887-1923; Zentral- blatt fur Zoologie, Allgemeine und experimented Biologie, 1-6, 1912-1918. Many odd volumes besides these have been secured and paid under this sum above mentioned.

Through exchange of back sets for the Biological Bulletin, these sets have been secured in 1924: Annales scientifiques de I'Uni- versitede Jassey, 1—12, 1900-1923; Anmiairedu museum zoologique de I1 Academic Imperial des Sciences de la Russie, 9-13, 1914-20; Archives internationales de pharmacodynamie, volumes 1-29; Bulletin de la classe des sciences, l} Academic royale de Belgique, series 5, volumes 5-9, 1919-23; Fauna of Russia, volumes 1914- 19; Monitor e zoologico italiano, 1907-1924; Nouvelles archives du Museum d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris, series 2, I series 5, 6, 1878- 1914; Nyt magazin fur Naturvidenskaberne grumdlagt au den physio graphiske Forening, Christiania, volumes 46-60, 1909-1923; Ofversigt of Finska Venteskaps-Societetens; Forhandlingar, volumes 45-64; Osterreichische botanische Zeitschrift, volumes 71-74, 1922- 24; through exchange of duplicates of the Museum of Compara- tive Zoology publications and of the Boston Society of Natural History publications, the Library has, this year, also, filled in nearly all the bad gaps that existed, so that these sets are now practically complete.

The more important year's purchases of books and sets of reference works as regarded from the view-point of cost, are as

REPORT OF THE ASSISTANT LIBRARIAN. K)

follows: Vergleichende Anatomic des Nervensy stems, by C. U. Ariens Kappers und Droogleever Fortuyn; Barnes and Heald: Analytic key to mosses of the United States; Berlese, A. : Gli Insetti; Daniel, John Franklin: The Elasmobranch fishes; De Toni: Sylloge Algorum, volume 6; Helmholtz: Handbuch der physio- logischen Optik; Jellinek, K. : Physikalische Chemie der homogenen und heterogenen Gasreaktionen; Leitgeb, H.: Untersuchungen uber die Lebermuse; Morgan, T. H.: Regeneration; Morse, H. N.: Investigations in Osmotic pressure; Ouvres de Pasteur : Dissymetrie moleculaire, Fermentations et generations dites spontanees, Etudes sur le vinaigre et sur le vin; Parker and Haswell: Text-book of Zoology jd edition; Plankton Expedition: Ergebnisse der in der Atlantisch Ozean, etc.; Sars: Crustacea of Norway, 1-3; United States Catalogue of 1912-1917; Wiesner, Julius von and Moeller, J.: Die Rohstoffe des Pflanzenreiches ; Williams, L. W. : Anatomy of the Common Squid; Wolle, Francis: Green Algae of the United States; Wood: Physical Optics.

Through gifts we have received as follows : new current serials and to continue: American Journal of Photography (now issued as Camera], British Journal of Photography, Journal of the Photo- graphic Institute, Journal of the Optical Society of America, and Review of Scientific Instruments, Photographic journal of the Royal Society of London, from Dr. Pond; Public Health Report, from the United States Health Service; Monographs, from Cold Spring Harbor; Bulletin of the University of Wisconsin, and Wisconsin Studies in Science, at the request of Professor Guyer.

From the publisher, Blakiston: Atwood, W. H.: Problems, Projects, and Experiments in Biology; and Comparative Vertebrate Dissection; Clark, A. J.: Applied Pharmacology: Scientific Evi- dence for Therapeutic Active Drugs; Hawk, Philip B.: Practical Physiological Chemistry; Palladin, Plant Physiology; Pratt, H. S.: Land and Freshwater Vertebrate Animals of the United States; from the publisher, Saunders: Howell: Physiology; Lusk, Graham : Elements of the Science of Nutrition (at the request of the author) ; Mallory and Wright : Pathological Technique; Wells, H. Gideon: Chemical Pathology; from the New Haven Yale University Press: Woodruff, L. L.: Development of the Sciences (at the request of the author) ; from the publisher, Wiley: Under- hill, Frank P.: Manual of Selective Biochemical Methods; San

20 MARINE BIOLOGICAL LABORATORY.

Francisco Bay Marine Piling Survey Reports, from the Committee; from the publisher, Macmillan: Smith, Gilbert M.: A Textbook of General Botany; from Newman, Horatio Hackett: Outlines of General Zoology, and Evolution; from the Cape Cod Chamber of Commerce: Special Report on Population and Resources of Cape Cod; from H. S. Jennings: Life and Death, Heredity and Evolution in Unicellular Organisms; from Dr. Pond: Fischer, Max: Uber den Abbau von Chlorophyll und Blutf orb staff ; from Lusk, Graham: Science of Nutrition; from Fischer, M.: Oedema; from Lillie, R. S.: Protoplasmic Action and Nervous Action; from Mrs. Jacques Loeb : Regeneration from a Physico-chemical Viewpoint; from Price, Weston A.: Dental Pathology; through Professor Tower from the American Museum of Natural History, Dean, Bashford: A Bibliography of Fishes; from Loeb, Leo: Edema; from Winge, Herluf: Pattedyr-Slaegter; from Schroder, Paul: Introduction to the Histology and Histo pathology of the Nervous System; from the National Research Council: Atwood and Johnson: Marine Piling Investigations; from Hyman, L. H.: Laboratory Manual of Elementary Zoology; from Wheeler, Wm. M.: Social Life among the Insects; Professor Wheeler sent to us several boxes of reprints and odd volumes and numbers of journals also, which we were glad to get. Mrs. Montgomery presented some twelve books to the Library.

VI. THE DIRECTOR'S REPORT.

To THE TRUSTEES OF THE MARINE BIOLOGICAL LABORATORY.

Gentlemen: I beg to submit herewith a report of the thirty- seventh session of the Marine Biological Laboratory for the year 1924.

I. Attendance. As stated in the annual report for 1923 it was decided to set definite numerical limits to each of the courses of instruction and this was accordingly done and acted on in 1924. The result was the admission of only 134 students selected from